Home Page

Protection Articles

Article 4

Governments must do all they can to make sure every child can enjoy their rights.


Article 11

Governments must do everything they can to stop children being taken out of their country illegally or being prevented from returning.


Article 17

Every child has the right to reliable information from the media. This should be information that children can understand. Governments must help protect children from materials that could harm them.


Article 19

Governments must do all they can to ensure that children are protected from all forms of violence, abuse, neglect and bad treatment by their parents or anyone else who looks after them.


Article 20

If a child cannot be looked after by their family, governments must make sure that they are looked after properly by people who respect the child's religion, culture and language.


Article 21

If a child is adopted, the first concern must be what is best for the child. All children must be protected and kept safe, whether they are adopted in the country where they were born or in another country.


Article 22

If a child is a refugee or is seeking refuge, governments must make sure that they have the same rights as any other child. Governments must help in trying to reunite child refugees with their parents.


Article 32

Governments must protect children from work that is dangerous or might harm their health or education.


Article 33

Governments must protect children from the use of illegal drugs.


Article 34

Governments must protect children from sexual abuse and exploitation.


Article 35

Governments must ensure that children are not abducted or sold.


Article 36

Governments must protect children from all other forms of bad treatment.


Article 37

No child shall be tortured or suffer other cruel treatments or punishment. A child should be arrested or put in prison only as a last resort and then for the shortest time possible. Children must not be in a prison with adults. Children who are locked up must be able to keep in contact with their family.


Article 38

Governments must do everything they can to protect and care for children affected by war. Governments must not allow children under the age of 15 to take part in war or join the armed forces.


Article 39

Children neglected, abused, exploited, tortured or who are victims of war must receive special help to help them recover their health, dignity and self-respect.


Article 40

A child accused or guilty of breaking the law must be treated with dignity and respect. They have the right to help from  a lawyer and a fair trail that takes account of their age and situation. The child's privacy must be respected at all times.


Article 41

If the laws in a particular country protect children better than the article of the Convention, then those laws must stay in place.