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Survival and Development Articles

Article 4

Governments must do all they can to make sure every child can enjoy their rights.


Article 5

Governments must respect the rights and responsibilities of parents and carers to direct and guide their children as they grow up, so that they can enjoy their rights properly


Article 6

Every child has the right to life. Governments must do all they can to make sure that children survive and develop to their full potential.


Article 7

Every child has the right to a legal name and nationality, as well as the right to know and, as far as possible, to be cared for by their parents.


Article 8

Governments must respect every child's right to a name, a nationality and family ties.


Article 9

Children must not be separated from their parents unless it is in their best interest (for example, is a parent is hurting a child). Children whose parents have separated have the right to stay in contact with both parents, unless this might hurt the child.


Article 10

Governments must act quickly and sympathetically if a child or their parents want to live together in the same country. If a child's parents live apart in different countries, the child has the right to visit both of them.


Article 14

Every child has the right to think and believe what they want and to practise their religion, as long as they are not stopping other people from enjoying their rights. Governments must respect the rights of parents to give their children information about this right.


Article 18

Both parents share responsibility for bringing up their child and should always consider what is best for the child. Governments must support parent by giving them the help they need, especially if the child's parents work.


Article 20

If a child cannot be looked after by their family, governments must make sure they are looked after properly by people who respect the child's religion, culture and language.


Article 22

If a child is a refugee or is seeking refuge, governments must make sure that they have the same rights as any other child. Governments must help in trying to reunite child refugees with their parents.


Article 23

A child with a disability has the right to live a full and decent life with dignity and independence, and to play an active part in the community. Governments must do all they can to provide support to disabled children.


Article 24

Every child  has the right to the best possible health. Governments must work to provide good quality health care, clean water, nutritious food and a clean environment so that children can stay healthy. Richer countries must help poorer countries achieve this.


Article 25

If a child lives away from home (in care, hospital or in prison, for example), they have the right to a regular check of their treatments and the way they are cared for.


Article 26

Governments must provide extra money for the children of families in need.


Article 27

Every child has the right to a standard of living that is good enough to meet their physical, social and mental needs. Governments must help families who cannot afford to provide this.


Article 28

Every child has the right to an education. Primary education must be free. Secondary education must be available for every child. Discipline in schools must respect children's dignity. Richer countries must help poorer countries achieve this.


Article 29

Education must develop every child's personality, talents and abilities to the full. It must encourage the child's respect for human rights, as well as respect for their parents, their own and other cultures, and the environment.


Article 30

Every child has the right to learn and use the language, customs and religion of their family, regardless of whether these are shared by the majority of the people in the country where they live.


Article 31

Every child has the right to relax, play and take part in a wide range of cultural and artistic activities.


Article 42

Governments should make the Convention known to adults and children.